中文名:皇蛾

中文別名:蛇頭蛾

學名:Attacus atlas formosanus Villiard, 1969

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資料識別:
系統識別碼:0b000001800340e0
資料類型:
型式:合集
主題與關鍵字:
學域-大分類:動物-昆蟲類
拉丁界名:Animalia
中文界名:動物界
拉丁門名:Arthropoda
中文門名:節肢動物門
拉丁綱名:Insecta
中文綱名:昆蟲綱
拉丁亞綱名:Pterygota
中文亞綱名:有翅亞綱
拉丁目名:Lepidoptera
中文目名:鱗翅目
拉丁總科名:Bombycoidea
中文總科名:蠶蛾總科
拉丁科名:Saturniidae
中文科名:天蠶蛾科
拉丁亞科名:Saturniinae
中文亞科名:天蠶蛾亞科
拉丁族名:Attacini
拉丁屬名:Attacus
拉丁種小名:atlas
描述:
種命名者:Villiard, P.
簡介:"皇蛾Attacus atlas formosanus為世界上最大之蛾類,其雌、雄形態相若,惟雄蛾觸角較為發達,而雌蛾則翅型較為寬圓,腹部亦較為肥胖。其胸部背方有紅色絨毛,胸腹交接處有白毛形成的橫帶。翅紅褐色,前後翅近中央位置各具一近三角形的透明膜質區域,周圍環繞黑色帶紋;在前翅的膜質三角形左上方上有一長卵型的小透明膜質區域。前翅側緣前端極度內凹,前翅端部明顯向外突出,狀如蛇頭,上緣具一黑色圓斑,似蛇眼,左下方另有一咖啡色橫帶,向蛇嘴,此名「蛇頭蛾」。其寄主植物為茄冬Bischofia javanica Blume、饅頭果Glochidion rubrum Blume、江某Schefflera octophylla(Lour.)Harms、樹杞Ardisia sieboldii Miq.等闊葉木。本種之描述主要引用王效岳(1994)所發表的文獻內容。InsectsMothsAttacus atlas formosanus蛾皇蛾簡介The Atlas moth, Attacus atlas (Linnaeus), is considered as the world largest moth in terms of the total wing surface area which is up to 400 square centimeters. The adult has a wingspan of 20-25 cm or greater, and the females are larger than males in general. Each wing is featured with a scale-free, transparent cell in the middle. The forewing tip is moderately projecting outward, tapering more in males than in females. The Chinese vernacular names of the species are “snake-head moth” or “emperor moth” in literal English. The former is referring to the shape of the forewing tips which resemble a snake’s head; the latter is referring to the grand size of the moth. It is widely distributed in Southeast Asia from India, Malay Peninsula to southern China and Taiwan and has many described subspecies. Each female has a fecundity of about 200 eggs in average. Several eggs are laid one time on the tree bark or the underside of the leaves. The larvae are polyphagous, feeding on several families of plants such as Bischofia javanica Blume, Glochidion rubrum Blume (Euphorbiaceae), Schefflera octophylla Lour, Harms (Araliaceae), and Ardisia sieboldii Miq. (Myrsinaceae). In addition, Psidium guajava, Damnacanthus angustifolius, Cinnamomum verum, and Syzygium samarangense among several others could be used as substitutes in artificial rearing (Wang, 1994). The larvae bear many fleshy projections along the trunk, but are harmless to human beings. A mature larva may be up to 11 cm in length. It takes about 70 days from egg to adult, with 9, 40 and 21 days for egg, larval and pupal stages, respectively. Emergence occurs usually around midnight and the adults fly away by the next night. The mating lasts three to ten hours. Females start laying eggs the night after mating (Wang, 1994). The endemic subspecies A. atlas formosanus is the largest moth in Taiwan. It is bivoltine in northern area. The first generation emerges in May and June, and second in August and September. The species overwinters as pupae. In tropical areas, three to four generations can be bred annually. In the 1970s, the Atlas moth was raised in large number in Taiwan for commercial use. The adults were made into specimen decorations and the cocoons were used to make purses. The population gradually returned its natural states after the insect industry declined in the 1980s."
食性:植食
成蟲體型概分:大型﹝10cm以上﹞
觸角特徵 Antennae:雙櫛齒狀﹝Bipectinate;Doubly Comb-Like﹞
口器特徵:曲管式﹝虹吸式﹞﹝Siphoning type﹞
翅之數量:二對翅
足部特色:其他或一般
變態 Metamorphosis:完全變態﹝Holometabolous﹞
出版者:
數位化執行單位:國立自然科學博物館:動物學組昆蟲學
日期:
學名原始發表年代:1969
管理權:
典藏單位:國立自然科學博物館
使用聲明:館內公開瀏覽

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數位典藏相關業務聯絡人:謝玉鈴小姐
04-23226940*786
ling@nmns.edu.tw

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