中文名:牛樟芝

中文別名:樟菇

學名:Taiwanofungus camphoratus

推薦分享

Share

資源連結

連結到原始資料 (您即將開啟新視窗離開本站)

後設資料

資料識別:
系統識別碼:0b000001800326e9
資料類型:
型式:合集
紀錄類別:菌類知識單元
菌絲體型態:氣生菌絲
主題與關鍵字:
學域-大分類:菌類-真菌類
拉丁界名:Fungi
中文界名:真菌界
拉丁門名:Basidiomycota
中文門名:擔子菌門
拉丁綱名:Homobasidiomycetes
中文綱名:同擔子菌綱
拉丁目名:Aphyllophorales
中文目名:無褶菌目
拉丁科名:Polyporaceae
中文科名:多孔菌科
拉丁屬名:Taiwanofungus
拉丁種小名:camphoratus
描述:
種命名者:(M. Zang & C.H. Su) Sheng H. Wu, Z.H. Yu, Y.C. Dai & C.H. Su
簡介:"Taiwanofungus camphoratusIntroductionKnown as “Niu-Chang-Chih” or “Chang-Chih” or Niu-Chang-Gu” in Taiwan , the Taiwanofungus camphorates is an endemic fungal species in Taiwan . The fruiting body of this fungus starts flattened, grows close to the tree stem. The leading edge of the fruiting body will slightly curve upward and outward from the tree stem. The hymenial surface that produces the basidiospres are colored in salmon-red, porous, and the surface is colored brownish-black; the context is rigid, has camphor odor, and tastes bitter. The fruiting body grows from the interior of the hollowed tree trunk of the Cinnamomum kanehirai Hay, an endemic tree in Taiwan , displaying its fondness of dark and damp environment. It is not yet known whether the hollowed trunk of this tree was caused by the rotting or decomposition by other fungus to pave way for the subsequent growth of T. camphorates. This fungus grows extremely slowly on sawdust, sometimes with no fruiting bodies at all. Therefore it is hard to artificially cultivate this species. It is possible to grow this fungus in liquid medium for consumption, but it depends on the hyphae having the same nutritional components as the mature fruiting body. This species is endemic to Taiwan ; it is a brown rotting type fungus found in old and hollowed trunks of Cinnamomum kanehirai Hay trees. It is expensive due to its rarity and incapable of being artificially cultivated. It is reported to have medicinal properties that alleviate abdominal pain, activates central neural system, and may have hypnotic effects. There have been tests performed to treat liver and endometrial cancers. The base name of the Chang-Chih was Ganoderma comphoratum M. Zang & C.H. Su: The holotype specimen was contaminated with Ganoderma spores, hence it was erroneously identified as one of the Ganoderma fungus. After re-classification, the name was changed to Taiwanofungus camphoratus (M. Zang & C.H. Su) Sheng H. Wu, Z.H. Yu, Y.C. Dai & C.H. Su as its new scientific nomenclature. 牛樟芝牛樟芝又稱樟芝或牛樟菇。樟芝是臺灣特有種真菌。樟芝的子實體初為扁平型,貼生於樹幹表面,之後子實體生長前緣部會略捲離樹幹翹起。樟芝產生擔孢子的子實層表面為漂亮的鮭魚紅色,呈孔狀,背面為黑褐色。樟芝質硬,帶有牛樟的香味,嚐之,味極苦。樟芝子實體於牛樟樹幹的中空內部長出,顯示它可能較喜愛幽暗的生長環境。此樹幹的中空是由樟芝的腐朽而造成的,或有其他真菌先分解樹木形成特定的環境以利隨後的樟芝生長,則尚未可知。樟芝菌在木屑上生長極緩慢甚至停滯,更遑論其子實體之長出。另一可能性是採用液態進行菌絲培養,而食用之,但先決條件是如此所形成的菌絲亦需同樣具有樟芝子實體良好的成份。本種為台灣特有種,子實體僅發現於老齡牛樟芝中空樹幹之內面,為褐腐型真菌。尚無法以人工栽培子實體成功,價格昂貴。具有治療腹痛、活化中樞神經、安眠等作用,亦有用於嚐試治療肝癌及子宮癌。樟芝的基名是Ganoderma comphoratum M. Zang & C.H. Su,乃因模式標本沾染了靈芝孢子而被誤發表為靈芝屬(Ganoderma)的成員。經重新鑑定後學名改為Taiwanofungus camphoratus (M. Zang & C.H. Su) Sheng H. Wu, Z.H. Yu, Y.C. Dai & C.H. Su,稱為新組合名。民間的稱呼尚有樟菇、樟內菇、牛樟菇、紅樟等,是台灣特有種的菇類。"
擔子菌子實體形狀:扁平而邊緣捲起
孢子形狀:橢圓形
孢子表面:平滑
應用性:藥用
氣味:其他
結晶體:有
生長基質:木生
寄主中文名:牛樟
出版者:
數位化執行單位:國立自然科學博物館:植物學組菌類學
管理權:
典藏單位:國立自然科學博物館
使用聲明:館內公開瀏覽

授權聯絡窗口

數位典藏相關業務聯絡人:謝玉鈴小姐
04-23226940*786
ling@nmns.edu.tw

引用這筆典藏 引用說明

引用資訊
直接連結

評分與驗證

請為這筆數位資源評分

star star star star star

推薦藏品

中文名:漏斗多孔菌
中文名:樺褶孔菌
中文名:雲芝
中文名:雪白干酪菌
中文名:毛蜂窩菌
中文名:血紅栓菌