品名:佩刀

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資料識別:
系統識別碼:0b000001800347d6
資料類型:
型式:合集
紀錄類別:民族知識單元
分類:社會政治器物:武器:佩刀
主題與關鍵字:
學域-大分類:人類-民族
族群:排灣(Paiwan)
功能用途:獵具或武器
描述:
簡介:"PaiwanIntroductionKnivesA knife was considered a basic item for all Paiwan men, which they kept at their side at all times, where it could be easily accessed as a defensive weapon or to clear a path through the forest. The knife and sheath were usually kept together as a set, generally known as “Takit” in the Paiwan language. Takit were also used during wedding ceremonies and harvest festivals. For marriages among the noble classes a carved decorative knife (called Ginagalan in the Paiwan language) was an essential betrothal gift. There are two main types of knives among the Paiwan tribe, one for ceremonial use and the other for work. Work knives were undecorated. Each Paiwan male carried a knife as a weapon for defense, obtaining firewood, cutting up animals for food and producing tools. The handle of the knife was hollow for attaching a long wooden or bamboo rod to create a hunting spear. Ceremonial knives were more refined, especially those of the noble class. They were often decorated with carved patterns of disembodied human heads and hundred-pace snakes, inlaid shell or metal pieces and lacquer. Some knife sheaths had a woven strap attached for carrying the knife at the waist and as decoration. In the past, ceremonial knives were the exclusive property of males of the noble class. When not in use, they were hung in a position of honor next to the main post in the home. During important occasions, such as celebrations and ceremonies or important negotiations, this type of knife was worn at the side. In addition to displaying the social position of the wearer, it was a symbol of prestige and bravery. 排灣人的刀,是男子的基本配備,也是外出時隨身佩帶之物,除用作武器外,還可作為割削或砍伐之用。通常與刀鞘成一組,通稱為“Takit”。佩刀(Takit)在婚禮與豐年祭中也需要使用,尤其在貴族系統結婚時的聘禮中,貴族雕飾刀〈 Ginagalan 〉是必備的聘禮。 排灣人的佩刀,分為禮刀與工作刀兩種。工作刀無裝飾,每個排灣男性皆配有,舉凡防獸禦敵,採薪伐木、宰屠牲畜、製作工具等都會使用到,中空的握柄更可裝備於長木桿或竹竿上成為長刀,以獵捕大型獵物之用;禮刀則較精緻,尤其貴族的佩刀更運用人頭、百步蛇紋等雕飾、上彩漆、鑲貝或金屬鑌等,有些刀鞘上並附有編織的刀帶,除可繫綁於腰外,更有裝飾的效果。禮刀在過去是貴族男性專屬的,平時將禮刀懸掛在崇高象徵的主柱旁,於節慶祭儀或出席談判等重要場合,才會佩帶;除了突顯尊貴之外,更是宣示威信與武勇的象徵。 "
製造方式:砍削
使用者:男子
出版者:
數位化執行單位:國立自然科學博物館:人類學組民族學
範圍:
文化區:南島語族
管理權:
典藏單位:國立自然科學博物館
使用聲明:館內公開瀏覽

授權聯絡窗口

數位典藏相關業務聯絡人:謝玉鈴小姐
04-23226940*786
ling@nmns.edu.tw

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